The classes and kinds into which words are divided according to their function in sentences are called parts of speech. Every word is one part of speech or the other.
There are eight parts parts of speech in English, which are given below:
Noun is a word used to name a person, place, thing or an idea.
Man, boy, Quaid-e-Azam, Danyal, Karachi, Lahore, village, garden, zoo, book, chair, gold, diamond and honesty etc are the examples of noun.
Honesty is better than gold.
This child comes from Lahore.
Pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
I, me, you, we, he, them, it etc are the examples of pronoun.
It is a bid dog.
They are playing hockey.
I am watching cricket.
He is a cricketer.
Adjective is word used to describe or add to the meaning of a noun or pronoun.
beautiful, weak, upper, lower, small, great, best, strongest etc are the examples of adjective.
He is our best player.
He is our great leader
We are his weakest supporters.
She is an honest person.
The word expresses action/activity, movement or presence of a thing is called verb.
It is a word which says something about a person place or thing.
sit, stand, eat, go, close, climb, jump, fail, call, arise, is, open etc are examples of verb.
We are going to Lahore.
Please sit here or go there.
They are eating Mumbai biryani.
We are waiting for their answers.
Preposition is a word which shows the connection of a noun or pronoun with another word.
on, at, in, under, above, towards, of, by, from etc are the examples of prepositions.
Ali lives in London.
He is at railway station.
He placed a book on the table.
Were they going towards the cinema.
Conjunction is a word which joins words or sentences.
but, and, or, nor, for, though etc are the examples of conjunction.
I am tired but I have to go to work.
I helped the old man though I was very tired.
Danyal, Suleman and Shehriyar are best friends.
She reads newspaper, but she doesn’t like to read books.
Adverb is a word which adds to the meaning of any part of speech except a noun or a pronoun.
honestly, quickly, fast, quite or quietly, carefully etc are the examples of adverb.
He can run very quickly.
He drives the car very fast.
They work honestly and fast.
This house is really beautiful , but quite old.
Interjection is a word or sound which expresses feelings, emotions and exclamations etc.
alas!, Ah!, hurrah!, omg!, wow! etc are the examples of interjection.
Alas! There is no more tea left.
Oh! I forgot my mobile phone.
Hey! Do you know where is my car.
Hurrah! We have won the hockey match.